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Emeritus professor of economics, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada
Rodrigue Tremblay (born October 13, 1939) is a Canadian-born economist, political figure, humanist and professor. He taught economics at the Université de Montréal. He specializes in macroeconomics, international trade and finance, and public finance. He is a prolific author of books in economics, politics and ethics.
Born in Matane, Québec, Canada, he has a B.A. from the Université Laval (1961), a B.Sc. in Economics from the Université de Montréal (1963). Tremblay did his graduate work at Stanford University where he obtained a M.A. in Economics (1965) and a Ph.D. in Economics (1968).
He has been a professor of economics at the Université de Montréal since 1967. He is professor emeritus since 2002.
Tremblay was president of the Association canadienne de science économique (1974-75) and of the North American Economics and Finance Association (1986-87). He was chairman of the Department of Economics of the Université de Montréal (1973-76)), member of the Committee of Dispute Settlements of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (1989-93) and vice-president of the Association internationale des économistes de langue française (AIELF), from 1999 to 2005.
He was invited scholar and economic consultant at the Bank of Canada, the Economic Council of Canada, the Quebec Commission of Inquiry on the Quebec Liquor Trade, the West African Monetary Union, the Royal Commission on the Economic Union and Development Prospects for Canada (MacDonald Commission) and the United Nations. Tremblay presided at the foundation of the North American Review of Economics and Finance and was associate editor of the Review L'Action nationale and the financial weekly Les Affaires.
Rodrigue Tremblay was elected member of the National Assembly of Quebec for the Montreal riding of Gouin on November 15, 1976, as candidate of the Parti Québécois. He served as Minister of Industry and Trade in the Government of Quebec, from 1976 to 1979. He sponsored the sale of wine in Quebec's 12,000 private grocery stores. He resigned from the Lévesque Cabinet on September 19, 1979. He resumed his academic career on April 15, 1981.
The Role of International Financial Flows in the International Payments Mechanism, University Microfilms, 1967
La science économique, 1967
L'Économique, une introduction à l'analyse des problèmes économiques de toute société, 1969
Indépendance et marché commun Québec-USA, 1970
Africa and Monetary Integration, 1970
L'Économique, problèmes et exercices, 1970
La théorie du commerce international, 1971
La théorie monétaire internationale, 1972
Analyse microéconomique, 1975
L'Économie québécoise, 1976
L'Indépendance économique du Canada français, 1977
La 3e Option, 1979
Le Québec en crise, 1981
Économie et finances publiques, 1982
Issues in North American Economics and Finance, 1987
Le rôle des exportations dans la croissance et le développement économique, Institut de recherches politiques, 1990
Macroéconomique moderne, théories et réalités, 1992
Économie et finances publiques, 1997
Politique et Économie, 1998
Les Grand enjeux politiques et économiques du Québec, 1999
L'heure juste, 2001
Pourquoi Bush veut la guerre, 2003
Le nouvel empire américain, 2004
The New American Empire, 2004
Yeni Amerikan Imparatorlugu, 2007
Le Code pour une éthique globale, 2009
The Code for Global Ethics, (Canada) 2009
The Code for Global Ethics, (USA) 2010.
Contributions to economics
Rodrigue Tremblay has made contributions in many fields of economics and economic policy, especially in vulgarisation, international economics, international trade, and has authored several texbooks on economics and macroeconomics.
There are his contributions in the fields of international economics, economic development and economic cycles. He demonstrated the crucial role of short term capital movements in balance of payments adjustment (Canadian Journal of Economics, 1968). His work on economic cycles innovated by identifying economic and political shocks as factors of economic instability (Review of North American Economics and Finance, 1988). Tremblay then linked trade and development through economies of scale and increasing returns in his work on "Export-Led Growth" (Review of North American Economics and Finance, 1991).
Dr. Tremblay's works in international trade and economic integration have been highly influential, especially in trade policy and monetary policy. In the early 1970s, Tremblay influenced monetary policy in Africa as an adviser to the West African Monetary Union (see his book on Africa and Monetary integration, 1970). In 1988, Tremblay presided the committee of Canadian economists that argued successfully for the establishment of a Canada-U.S. free trade agreement and later, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between Canada, the U.S. and Mexico.
Contributions to politics
Rodrigue Tremblay is a public intellectual who is known for his contributions to the understanding of international, Canadian and Quebec politics. His political analyses have been published in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Globe and Mail, in French-language newspapers such as "Le Devoir, La Presse, Le Soleil, and several other publications.
In 1970, he was among the first economists to propose a North American Common Market with his book Indépendance et marché commun Québec–États-Unis. Nineteen years later, on January 1, 1989, Canada and the United States entered into a North American Free Trade Area which was enlarged to include Mexico in 1994. On the invitation of the Canadian government, he served as an arbiter on the Committee of Dispute Settlements of NAFTA, from 1989 to 1993. Previously, he had served as Minister of Industry and Commerce in the Government of Quebec, from 1976 to 1979. Also in 1979, he published a manifest for the reform of Canadian federalism entitled La 3e option (The 3rd Option) which envisaged a greater degree of political autonomy for the French-speaking province of Quebec. In 1987, when the federal government under Prime Minister Brian Mulroney introduced the "Meech Lake Accord, it included some of Tremblay's ideas about political decentralization.
From 1999 to 2004, Rodrigue Tremblay published four books about politics and geopolitics. The first, in 1999, (Les grands enjeux politiques et économiques du Québec) reproduced a series of articles published in the financial weekly Les Affaires. In 2002, Rodrigue Tremblay published a book of political philosophy entitled L’Heure Juste (The Way It Is).
In 2003, his book entitled Pourquoi Bush veut la guerre, Religion, politique et pétrole dans les conflits internationaux, published more than one month before the event of the Iraq war, dealt with the March 20, 2003 American-led invasion of Iraq. It was published in the USA, in 2004, under the title “The New American Empire”. It was published in Europe, in 2004, under the title “Le Nouvel empire américain”. The book was also published in Turkey, in 2007, under the title “Yeni Amerikan Imparatorlugu”.
Contributions to ethics
In 2009 (in French) and in 2009 and in 2010 (in English), Dr. Tremblay published The Code for Global Ethics, with a preface by Dr. Paul Kurtz.
The book codifies in a pedagogical way the most fundamental humanist principles of human behavior. The Code for Global Ethics, proposes a progressive and modern code of global ethics that is summarized under 10 general humanist rules or principles. The themes range from human dignity, human life, tolerance, the need to share, and the requirement to avoid domination and superstition, to the preservation of the Earth's natural environment, the issue of violence and wars, the question of political and economic democracy, the separation of Church and State, and the central role of education and knowledge as gateways to personal happiness, independence, and individual freedom. The book is also a critique of many religion-based ethical rules and raises the issue of moral dilemmas.
-Fellow, Université de Montréal, 1961
-Woodrow Wilson Fellow, 1963
-Ford International Fellow, Stanford University, 1964
-Prize for excellence in teaching, Université de Montréal, 1998
-Emeritus professor, 2002
-Prix Condorcet, 2004
The Code for Global Ethics, Ten humanist Principles, Rodrigue Tremblay, Prometheus, 2010, ISBN 978-1616-141721
The Code for Global Ethics, Toward a Humanist Civilization, Rodrigue Tremblay, Trafford, 2009, ISBN 978-1426-913587
Le code pour une éthique globale, vers une civilisation humaniste, Rodrigue Tremblay, Liber, 2009, ISBN 978-2895-781738
The New American Empire, (in Turkish), Rodrigue Tremblay, Nova publishing, Ankara, Turkey, 2006, ISBN 9944119399
The New American Empire, Rodrigue Tremblay, Infinity, 2004, ISBN 0-7414-1887-8
Le Nouvel Empire Américain, Causes et conséquences pour les Etats-Unis et pour le monde, Rodrigue Tremblay, L'Harmattan, 2004, ISBN 2-7475-6287-5
Pourquoi Bush Veut la Guerre, Rodrigue Tremblay, Les Intouchables, 2003, ISBN 2-89549-099-6
L'Heure Juste, Rodrigue Tremblay, 2002, Stanke International, ISBN 2-7604-0850-7
Les Grands Enjeux Politiques et Économiques du Québec, Transcontinental Inc., Rodrigue Tremblay, 1999, ISBN 2-89472-115-3.
Some quotations from Rodrigue Tremblay
--“More often than not, the consequences of public policies, good or bad, are felt many years after they have been taken.”
--“In a democracy, it is not always the case that voters choose their own government. It just happens that those who contribute large sums of money to candidates or who happen to control the media play a much more important role in choosing governments than ordinary voters.
That is why it is only in rare occasions that it can be said that 'people have the government they deserve'; —sometimes, a population may get a worse government than it truly deserves; —and, more rarely perhaps, it can, of no fault of its own, get a better government than it deserves.”
--“If governments and their central banks could create real economic prosperity just by printing money, all countries of the world would be rich.”
--”War is very dangerous to democracy, because this creates an occasion for power hungry men to use the arguments of expediency and of practical necessity to centralize power in a few hands, thus bypassing normal constitutional restraints, sometimes, on a permanent and irreversible basis.”
--“When you share a problem with someone, it is cut in half.”
--“Throughout history, there has been a recurring tendency for the followers of different gods, as members of some imperial religions, to fight each other in bloody wars, and I would add, useless wars, to see whose god is the strongest.”
-- “Our modern problems are more and more global in nature, while our moral worldview is still essentially parochial.”
--“The religion-based promise of eternal life is undoubtedly the greatest hoax ever perpetrated on humankind.”
--"With the current globalization of our problems, we need to extend our circle of empathy and view humanity as a worldwide extended human family. As long as we refrain from facing that challenge, divisiveness and unsolvable conflicts will persist."
--“A society constrained by its religious hang-ups is deprived of the fundamental tools of economic progress and will be left behind.”
--“A [US] president who does not start a war abroad or who does not enlarge one already in progress is open to criticism and is likely to suffer politically. He must be seen less as a president than as “commander-in-chief”, in effect, as an emperor.”
--“The unrestricted use of money in politics can turn a vibrant democracy into a decadent plutocracy just as surely as poisoning a well can destroy a village.”
--“Those who are opposed to military wars should also oppose trade wars, because the latter lead to the former.”
--“In a democracy, voters' abstentionism is, in fact, often a vote against inefficient or corrupt politicians.”
--“When there exists a state of permanent warfare, economic decline is to be expected. Indeed, the main reason why the overall standard of living is stagnating in some countries, notably in the United States, is due to the high proportion of resources being directed toward the parasitic military-industrial establishment.”
--“There are none more ferocious than those who kill with religious zeal.”
--"The American invasion of Iraq to gain control over its vast oil reserves could go down in history as the biggest planned heist of the 21st Century."
--"Interests ride on the white horses of ideas and ideologies."
--"One of the greatest benefits of a well functioning democracy is its capacity to bring about change: change of government, change of policies, change in the distribution of income and wealth... etc., and the avoidance of stagnation and immobilism."
--"The world should take notice when someone with a fanatic mind and with powerful means receives his marching orders from Heaven."
--"Wars are cruel gimmicks designed to enrich the few and impoverish the many."
--"It is not faith that produces freedom; knowledge brings freedom."
--"An incompetent politician who surrounds himself with competent people can pull it off. However, if he is dumb enough to surround himself with like-minded people, failure becomes a certainty."
--"The two biggest curses of humanity have been religions and wars, and often they are intertwined."
--"An organized minority is often stronger politically than a disorganized majority."
--"People invented gods to console themselves from their absence of control over life and death."
--"On the political chessboard, those in the middle may have influence, but they rarely have power."
--"Cemeteries are full of people with large pension funds."
--"The fact that we do not have a good government does not mean that we are not governed."
--"In our media-run world, people get the politicians that pundits and journalists deserve."
--"A government bent on controlling the people can never gather enough information on its citizens."
--"Hell on Earth is when one has too few things... or too many."
--"It would be nothing less than scandalous for the United States, which was founded on humanistic and democratic principles, to attempt to replace the old empires of the past and to deny the fundamental democratic right of other peoples and other nations to self-determination."
--"The 2003 Iraq war was launched because powerful interests in the United States, connected to the state of Israel, to the oil industry and to the Pentagon, wanted to take advantage of the political opportunity created by the September 11, 2001 attacks to implement a plan of invasion of Iraq they had prepared years before."
1) University of Montreal (English)
2) Université de Montréal (Français)
3) Université de Montréal (fiche professionnelle)
4) The New American Empire (book)
5) Le nouvel empire américain (livre)
6) International blog
7) Livres de Rodrigue Tremblay disponibles sur Internet
8) Le Code pour une éthique globale (livre)
9) The Code for Global Ethics (book)
10) The Code for Global Ethics on Amazon.com
Source: Université de Montréal